Wilson A. Bentley (American, 1865-1931): Group of Four Snow Crystals, circa 1905. Gold toned photomicrographs.
Like all coasts, the land around the Mississippi River is constantly evolving. In past centuries, that process was slowed by the annual flooding of the River’s vast delta, which brought new sediment to replace what was lost.
But climate change, coupled with heavy engineering (channeling and stronger levees), have turned this coastline into one of the most rapidly eroding areas of the U.S.
The decades old map are currently being updated and more than 30 of the region’s names have already been officially retired from the map.
“Because deltas are so dynamic, they’re either building or they’re eroding. The idea that you can pick a point in time and say, ‘This is how we want the coast to look,’ is, first of all, the wrong way to think about it. And second of all, it creates an impossible situation.”
Read more in the Atlantic Cities article.
photos by mark blinch taken march 3, 2014 from the american side of niagara falls showing the arresting affects of frigid winter temperatures on the more than half a million liters of water which pour over the falls every second.
when cold enough, the falling water and mist create ice formations along the banks of the falls and river, resulting in mounds of ice as thick as fifty feet. if the cold persists for long enough, the ice will completely stretch across the river and form what is known as the ice bridge, extending for several miles down river.
Developed in the 18th C as a production method to extract salt from natural brine water, graduation towers became a focal point for Spa treatments in the 19th C.
The buildings are wooden frame stuffed with bundles of brushwood. The brine pumped from the spring runs on a channel at the top, as the brine percolates through the brushwood the wind increases evaporation, concentrating the salt in the brine and creating a fresh seaside-like climate inland.
In the course of time, the income from salt production became smaller than the ones obtained from the spa services. Graduation towers can still be found in a number of spa towns, primarily in Germany but also Poland and Austria.
Read more here
Devised by UP projects the floating cinema cruises the waterways of East London as the venue for a programme of arts events, hosting on-board screenings, large-scale outdoor films for bank-side audiences, canal tours, talks and workshops to animate the waterways of East London.
The urban event is a creative way to make the work of leading artists accessible to the public, while also encouraging people to visit and support london’s canals and rivers.
Designed by duggan morris architects
All images courtesy of up projects
18 temporary pontoon bridges were built for the 2013 Maha Kumbh Mela, one of the largest religious gathering on earth (with an estimated 100 million piligrims in 2013), held that year on the banks of the Sangam in Allahabad at the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati.
Photographs by Wolfgang Weinhardt.
Impression Sanjie Liu is a performance at the scale of the landscape, using the waters of the Li River as its stage and the mist shrouded hills as its backdrop whilst the audience watches from shore.
The performance expresses the trials and tribulations from the daily life of the people living around the Li River, a life that’s completely dependent on the river.
Diablo Dam is part of the Hydroelectric Project that supplies Seattle with a large proportion of its power needs. Work was begun in 1917 on a six-mile tunnel through Diablo Canyon and subsequent construction of a powerhouse. Work crews had to overcome extreme weather and mountain conditions, while Seattle City Light officials had to deal with politics and diplomacy. The dam was completed in 1930, and began generating electricity in 1936.
Jonas Bendiksen: Bangladesh: On the Frontlines of Climate Change
*Adaptive living and farming techniques for flooding and rising sea levels
#3 & 4:
Gaibandha District. 2010. Villagers moving a floating garden closer to their home. This is an innovative type of agriculture that requires no extra fertilizer or earth apart from the ubiquitous waterbased hyacinth weed. Organized by the NGO Practical Action, villagers pile up the ubiquitous hyacinth weed, to make a floating garden, a freefloating and flood-proof way to grow crops.
Sathkira District. 2010. In the saline and floodprone south of the country, farmers have converted waterlogged rice fields into ponds for salt-tolerant shrimps and crabs.
Map of the 7,000 rivers that feed into the Mississippi (not including Canadian ones).